Further Reference

Dictionaries (Japanese and English)






John Breen’s WWWJDIC

Dictionary of Buddhism (for limited use, sign in as “guest” [10 searches in 24 hours])

Dictionaries and Thesauruses (English)

Websters online

Thesaurus online

Romanization and Conversions

Library of Congress guide to romanization of Japanese


Translation Reference Tools

Architecture and arts: JAANUS

Art editing: http://www.artedit.org/style-guide.php

Tokyo Metropolitan Government 国内外旅行者のためのわかりやすい案内サイン標準化指針

Buddhism and Buddhist art: Onmark Productions

Encyclopedia of Shinto

Law: http://www.japaneselawtranslation.go.jp/

Dialect: 方言辞典

Japanese Cultural Heritage and Global Audiences

Japanese Garden Dictionary

National Cultural Treasures
Users can toggle between English and Japanese for each work of art. Most of the text is pulled from the museums’ databases directly, so it usually shows the most updated English—but not always.

Kaga Metal Inlay

Essential Bilingual Glossary of Japanese Urushi (Lacquer) Materials and Techniques

Japanese Object Label Translations

Japanese Armor and Sengoku Daimyo

Museum-related resources

Museum Terminology Glossary外国人受け入れのための博物館用語集)

MET Exhibition Catalogues

NICH Style Manual

Model contract

A model contract for literary translations